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Lilleshall Primary School

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Planet Earth

Focus for this week: Flooding

 

What is a flood?

A flood is an overflow of water that covers land that is usually dry. Some floods develop slowly, while others, such as flash floods, can develop in just a few minutes and without any signs of rain. Floods can be local, impacting a neighbourhood or community, or very large, affecting entire river basins. 

What causes flooding?

Flooding is usually caused by heavy rain; the faster the rainwater reaches the river channel, the more likely it is to flood.The following factors may encourage flooding:

A steep-sided channel - a river channel surrounded by steep slopes causes fast surface run off (water that the soil is unable to absorb).

A lack of vegetation - trees and plants catch or drink water. If there is little vegetation, then excess water will be high.

Bad weatherFlooding is normally caused by natural weather events such as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms over a short period.

BBC Bitesize

Visit BBC Bitesize to find out about the following:

What causes a flood?

Different types of flooding

What people can do to protect against floods

 

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/articles/zjcg6v4

Question Time

Fact File

Can you create a fact file about the flooding in Ironbridge and Shrewsbury in February? What caused the flood? How high did water levels rise? How much damage was caused? What measures were put in place to protect the people of Shrewsbury and Ironbridge and their homes? How long did the flooding last? What impact did it have? Remember to include sub-headings and illustrations or photographs.

Aerials show extent of flooding in Ironbridge

Residents in riverside properties in Ironbridge, Shropshire, have been told to evacuate immediately after emergency defences at the Severn were breached. Loc...

Design a flood information homepage

Research the impact of flooding on communities and design your own website homepage.  This can be completed on a device or in your book.

D&T - Create a flood barrier

A flood barrier is something that is designed to keep flood waters out of a certain area. Flood barriers can be used to protect homes and buildings. Can you design and create your own flood barriers that would protect your house? 

Floods can have a devastating effect on communities.  However, how floods are dealt with has changed a lot over the years. Use your research skills to find information about the steps people and organisations can take to help reduce the risk of floods and minimise damage. Use the sheet below to take notes and then have a go at creating your own mini report.

Survival Kit

Draw and label the items you would put in an evacuation survival kit if you needed to leave home after a natural disaster.  Why have you chosen these items?  Can you justify your choices?

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