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Lilleshall Primary School

Working Together for Excellence and Enjoyment


Our current  geography topic is  ‘Mountains’. We will looking at: UK and World mountain ranges,  the features of mountains,  how mountains are made, mountain climates and  mountain travel (tourism).




Geography - Mountain Contours

Use a map to find areas of higher ground. Look at famous mountain ranges and use an index in an atlas to locate the countries in which they are found. What is the name of the highest peak in each mountain range? What are the different ways areas of higher ground shown on a map? Investigate contours and what they show. Complete the ‘Potato Contours Activity’ and then have a go at describing what a hill might look like based on its contours.

Geography - Features of Mountains 

Although the mountains around the world are very different from one another, they share many of the same features. Which features do you think all mountains have? Which ones might only some mountains have? Research these key features of a mountain: Valley, foot, slope, summit, snow line, tree line, outcrop, face, ridge, peak and plateau.

Can you draw a mountain range including these key features?

Challenge: Using an Ordnance Survey map, create a realistic model of a hill or mountain (this could be one in

your area or one the UK’s famous peaks) Using enlarged copies of the map, trace each contour line onto thick card and

cut it out. Assemble the pieces of card in order to create a model of your chosen hill.


Mount Roraima in Guyana - a mountain with sheer sides.

 An introduction to mountain ranges around the world


Mountain Climates

What is the weather like on mountains? This depends on where the mountains are.  Research the weather in different mountain areas. Can you explain you explain the difference between a weather forecast and climate? Research and compare mountain climates around the world. What are the risks associated with mountain climate?   


How Mountains are Made 

Research and discover how different mountain types are formed. Think about whether you would be able to do the following once you have done your research. 

  • I can tell you that mountains formed a very long time ago.
  • I can describe how tectonic plates move together to create fold mountains.
  • I can describe how lava flow creates volcanic mountains.
  • I can describe how fault lines in the Earth’s crust move to create mountains.
  • I can describe how pressure from magma under the Earth’s surface creates dome mountains.
  • I can describe how erosion creates plateau mountains.


Mountain Travel

What impact does tourism have? 

The population of The Alps increases at different times of year when the number of visitors increase and this has both positive and negative impacts. Tourism has economic, social and environmental impacts e.g.  more people; economic – more funding, more expenditure on resources; environmental – less space, increased noise, increased damage to resources. 

Think about the following questions:

  • Why might people visit mountains?
  • What are the effects of tourism on an area?
  • Can you identify ways to limit the damage tourism causes to an area?
  • Can you identify who is responsible for limiting the damage tourism can cause?.